Izgorelost - mejne osebnostne motnje
In their psychotherapy practice, the authors of this article observed that the diagnostic assessment of the personality structure in most patients with burnout syndrome shows features of medium-level borderline personality organization, relatively closer to a neurotic structure or moderately integrated borderline personality structure. Therefore, we examined whether burnout is associated with borderline, narcissistic, and schizoid borderline personality disorders through performance-based self-esteem and workaholism. A total of 3,393 respondents completed six questionnaires (the Adrenal Burnout Syndrome Questionnaire, the Performance-Based Self-Esteem Scale, the Work Addiction Risk Test, and screening tests for borderline, schizoid, and narcissistic personality disorders). We expected that those that had more symptoms of borderline, schizoid, and narcissistic borderline personality disorders would also tend to base their self-worth more on achievements, would be more workaholic, and would therefore show more burnout symptoms. A repeated measures analysis of variance confirmed our empirical observations from clinical psychotherapy practice that the majority of burned-out participants also show a higher level of symptoms of all three borderline personality disorders: borderline, schizoid, and narcissistic. It also confirmed that performance-based self-esteem and workaholism are indicators of the presence of personality disorders because respondents that have no burnout symptoms, but base their self-worth on their achievements and are workaholic, show a higher level of symptoms of these three personality disorders. Discriminant analysis also confirmed the hypothesis that all three borderline personality disorders, with performance-based self-esteem and workaholism as covariates, are relevant predictors of burnout, the most powerful among them being borderline personality disorder.
Keywords: burnout, performance-based self-esteem, workaholism, personality disorders